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Oil Refining Description:


  Oil Refining (also called downstream) is an industrial process where crude oil is processed and refined into more useful products. Fractional distillation of crude oil is the key process. Crude is separated in several hydrocarbons. Different boiling points allow the hydrocarbons to be separated by distillation.


  After distillation process hydrocarbons are transformed into other useful products and raw materials. Extensive internal pipe systems transport products from the different processing units to the final storage tanks.


  Petrochemical products are the base of plastics, chemical intermediates,  household chemicals, other petrochemicals, synthetic textiles and fertilizer industries. Oil Refining is the first step of petroleum based industry, one of the most important industrial branches.


Oil Refining


Crude Oil


Industrial Types:


  1-Oil Refineries represent the most part of facilities in the oil refining industry. They operate with crude petroleum oil as a feedstock.


  2-A few number of refineries use Natural Gas Condensates as a raw material in the refining process. This type of facilities are named Gas Condensate Refineries. Gas condensate refineries are present only in 4 countries: Iran, Qatar, Japan and South Africa.

 

 World Map

 

Countries & Territories with Oil Refineries: 131

 

        Albania


        Algeria


        Angola


        Antigua-Barbuda


        Argentina


        Aruba


        Australia


        Austria


        Azerbaijan


        Bahrain


        Bangladesh


        Belarus


        Belgium


        Bolivia


        Bosnia


        Brazil


        Brunei


        Bulgaria


        Cameroon


        Canada


        Catalonia


        Chad


        Chile


        China


        Colombia


        Congo DRC


        Congo Republic


        Costa Rica


        Côte d'Ivoire


        Croatia


        Cuba


        Curaçao


        Czech Republic


        Denmark


        Dominican Rep


        Ecuador


        Egypt


        El Salvador


        England


        Eritrea


        Euskalherria


        Finland


        France


        Gabon


        Galiza


        Georgia


        Germany


        Ghana


        Greece


        Guatemala


        Hungary


        India


        Indonesia


        Iran


        Iraq


        Ireland


        Israel


        Italy


        Jamaica


        Japan


        Jordan


        Kazakhstan


        Kenya


        Kuwait


        Kyrgyzstan


        Lebanon


        Libya


        Lithuania


        Macedonia


        Malaysia


        Martinique


        Mauritania


        Mexico


        Morocco


        Myanmar


        Netherlands


        New Zealand


        Nicaragua


        Niger


        Nigeria


        North Korea


        Norway


        Oman


        Pakistan


        Panama


        PNG


        Paraguay


        Peru


        Philippines


        Poland


        Portugal


        Puerto Rico


        Qatar


        Quebec


        Romania


        Russia


        Saudi Arabia


        Scotland


        Senegal


        Serbia


        Sierra Leone


        Singapore


        Slovakia


        Somalia


        South Africa


        South Korea


        Spain


        Sri Lanka


        Sudan


        Suriname


        Sweden


        Switzerland


        Syria


        Taiwan


        Tanzania


        Thailand


        Trinidad-Tobago


        Tunisia


        Turkey


        Turkmenistan


        UAE


        Ukraine


        Uruguay


        US Virgin


        USA


        Uzbekistan


        Venezuela


        Vietnam


        Wales


        Yemen


        Zambia

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