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Sugar Industry Description:


Sugar is an appreciated commodity and makes one of the main branches of the Food Industry. Sugarcane is cultivated since ancient times in India where its origin is supposed.


In the XVII Century one of the earliest industrial developments of the world are the sugar facilities in Central and South America. In XIX century same industrial process applicated to other crop, the sugar beet, means the beginning of the sugar industry in the temperate and cold countries where tropical sugarcane is not suitable to grow.


Today sugarcane and sugar beet are the main world sources of sugar. Sugarcane is most productive and is placed in the tropical and subtropical countries with abundant water. Sugar beet is the main source of sugar in European countries, Algeria, Turkey, Syria, northern Iran, northern United States, Central Asia, northern China, northern Japan and Chile.


Some countries have the 2, sugarcane and sugar beet, based industries in different climatic areas like United States, Iran and China. There is another limited group of sugar beet based industries where sugar beet is a winter crop in hot regions with mild winters like Nile Delta in Egypt, Imperial Valley in southern California or northern Morocco, those are the southernmost sugar beet industrial crops.


Sugar industry is very near to the Industrial and Fuel Ethanol Industry (placed at Biofuels branch). Industrial alcohol is used in the chemical indstry or for spirits production in the beverage industry. A large number of sugar refining mills have related ethanol plants, this cuestion is detailed in each industrial card at the Type chapter.


Brazil, India , China and Thailand are the main producers of sugar. Brazil is the main exporter and has the worlds strongest sugar and ethanol industries.



Industrial processes:


There are 2 main processes in the sugar industry


Sugarcane or sugar beet crushing, with other transformations for the extraction of brown sugar, also named raw sugar (sugar with molasses). This process takes place in the Sugar Mill


After that, raw sugar is refined into White or Finished Sugar. This process takes place in general at the same sugar mill and in some cases in the sugar refinery. Sugar beet based brown sugar have not a good taste and is all refined into fisished sugar. Sugarcane based sugar can be sold as white (refined) or brown (raw) sugar.


In most cases all the factories have these 2 processes connected but is not easy to show the difference between the factories with only one. All the factories are place in the Main Type: Sugar Refining Mill. In general raw sugar based factories are sugar refineries only and sugarcane or sugar beet industries are sugar mills+ sugar refineries. There are a little number of factories sugar milling only.



Industrial Types:

Main Industrial Type:


1-Sugar Refining Mill: In most cases sugar factories have the 2 connected processes (sugar milling and refining). In general raw sugar based factories are sugar refineries only and sugarcane or sugar beet industries are sugar mills+ sugar refineries. Finally there are a little number of factories sugar milling only. Is not easy to show the difference and all the factories are placed in sugar refining mill type.

Secondary Industrial Types:


1-Sugar Terminal: Transportation facility for bulk white or raw sugar. Often they are situated in the main seaports at producing or consumer areas.


2-Sugar Packing Plant: Facilities specialised in the packing of sugar, in some cases are former sugar refining mills.


3-Specialty Sugar Plant: Factories producing specialty sugars.


4-Liquid Sugar Plant: Factories producing liquid sugar from dry sugar.

 

 

Countries and Territories with Sugar Industry: 126

 

        Afghanistan  

     
        Albania


        Algeria


        Angola


        Argentina


        Australia


        Austria


        Azerbaijan


        Bahrain


        Bangladesh


        Barbados


        Belarus


        Belgium


        Belize


        Benin


        Bolivia


        Bosnia


        Brazil


        Bulgaria


        Burkina Faso


        Burundi


        Canada


        CAR


        Chad


        Chile


        China


        Colombia


        Congo DRC


        Congo Republic


        Costa Rica


        Côte d'Ivoire


        Croatia


        Cuba


        Czech Republic


        Denmark


        Dominican Rep


        Ecuador


        Egypt


        El Salvador


        England


        Ethiopia


        Fiji


        Finland


        France


        Gabon


        Georgia


        Germany


        Ghana


        Greece


        Grenada


        Guadeloupe


        Guatemala


        Guyana


        Haiti


        Honduras


        Hungary


        India


        Indonesia


        Iran


        Iraq


        Ireland


        Israel


        Italy


        Jamaica


        Japan


        Kazakhstan


        Kenya


        Kyrgyzstan


        Laos


        Latvia


        Lebanon


        Lithuania


        Macedonia


        Madagascar


        Malawi


        Malaysia


        Mali


        Martinique


        Mauritius


        Mexico


        Moldova


        Morocco


        Mozambique


        Myanmar


        Nepal


        Netherlands


        New Zealand


        Nicaragua


        Nigeria


        Pakistan


        Panama


        PNG


        Paraguay


        Peru


        Philippines


        Poland


        Portugal


        Puerto Rico


        Quebec


        Reunion


        Romania


        Russia


        Rwanda


        Saint Kitts-Nevis


        Saudi Arabia


        Senegal


        Serbia


        Slovakia


        Slovenia


        South Africa


        South Korea


        Spain


        Sri Lanka


        Sudan


        Swaziland


        Sweden


        Switzerland


        Syria


        Taiwan


        Tanzania


        Thailand


        Togo


        Trinidad


        Tunisia


        Turkey


        UAE


        Uganda


        Ukraine


        Uruguay


        USA


        Uzbekistan


        Venezuela


        Vietnam


        Yemen


        Zambia


        Zimbabwe

 

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